Construction of a New Dairy Farm Checklist

A successful agribusiness requires increasing output and farm efficiency in today’s dairy sector. Cows are more likely to produce more milk if they are well-cared for dairy houses.

It is critical to have a dairy barn that is tailored to meet the needs of your cows, as well as your farm’s location and infrastructure.

Count on our dairy barn professionals for years of agricultural building experience to guarantee your dairy barn is what you need it to be.


Cubicle Sizes and Passageways

Before making any judgments on the total shed width, these design elements must be considered. Cubicles and passageways must not be reduced in size while reorganizing sheds.

A double-row bed in the middle with shared lunging should be 4.8 meters long, whereas a cubicle bed on the wall should be 2.7 meters long.

Single open-fronted beds should measure 2.4 meters long and 1.15 meters broad. Cupola rows should have 3.6-meter-wide aisles between each one.


Airflow and Ventilation

All three types of barns require a well-designed ventilation system. Ammonia and CO2 gas concentrations can build up without enough ventilation.

However, the quality of the entering cooling air determines the effectiveness of air exchange cooling. In hot weather, especially in the summer, natural cooling may not be enough, necessitating artificial cooling (such as fans).


The Direction of Construction/Placement

The placement of your barn will have a considerable impact on the circumstances that your cows will encounter inside the facility. A barn’s airflow is hampered by the natural contours of the ground and any objects such as buildings, trees, and silos that surround it.

To ensure your cows have a comfortable environment within the barn, you must ensure that the site’s ventilation design is in harmony with the airflow at the site.


Awning Heights and Widths

Your feed cart must be able to pass through your dairy barn’s roof, which should be at least 4 to 5 meters high. If you want to house a large number of cows in your barn, the eave height will need to be adjusted accordingly.

Reduced solar exposure in the summer and increased solar gain in winter may be achieved by roof overhangs, which can minimize heat stress in the summer and increase solar gain in the winter.


Feeding Areas

This means more milk in the tank since the animals can eat more because more feed space is available.  When managing ad-lib easy feeding, a minimum of 30 cm of feed space is necessary for modern dairy cows.

Feeding along a single exterior wall with the traditional three-row cubicle design provides about 45cm of feed space per cow, resulting in increased intakes and decreased bullying at the feed face.


Plan Your Waste Management

Milking cows create a significant amount of dung. Manure may be a valuable resource on a farm even though it is commonly a waste product. Your crops and feeding plans will directly impact your manure management strategy.

A double cropping strategy will allow you to produce more feed and apply more manure to your soil, which will benefit both you and your livestock.

Manure compost and anaerobic digestion are two alternatives to direct land application; however, while these methods might bring more revenue and other advantages to your dairy, they will also raise the amount of money needed to start your business.


A Biological System, Dairy Farming

The dairy farm relies on the cow’s capacity to live a long, healthy life, produce milk, and give birth to calves that can be used to continue the farm’s production. Herd health, reproduction, calf care, farm nutrition, and financial planning are important considerations in dairy farming.

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